3 creditsThis course will focus on the connection between altered or abnormal physiology and the pathological basis of disease. Human disease, mechanisms of causation and symptoms as well as treatment will be emphasized. The effects of aging and gender differences will be included where possible. Offered Spring semesters. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 211, BIOL 212, BIOL 318W, BIOL 330W, CHEM 310 and CHEM 311. Co-requisite(s): BIOL 425L.